The German word beraten means to provide advice about what another person should do. Its root is Rat or counsel. To advise another person also means to enter into discussion with them about a certain topic, situation or problem. A Berater is a consultant.

The original definition of beraten is to take precautionary steps concerning basic human needs: food, shelter and everything which makes up a household.

Rat is the root of Hausrat: Haus, house + rat, things, meaning household things; of Vorrat: Vor, before + rat, things, meaning supplies; of Gerät, meaning tools or instruments.

Beraten, therefore, focuses on future actions, on what needs to be done. It is future-looking. Beraten means to prepare another person for a possible situation.